Dachau Concentration Camp / Memorial Site World War 2

Dachau Memorial Site -

This was a place I wanted to visit despite the raw confronting history these places have and leave you with a bad taste in your mouth. I like many people have this intriguing interest in the WW1 and 2 events, maybe Its partly because of my German heritage. It felt a little strange that you were standing where key moments happened through the history of this camp.... And a little ironic that some dark clouds hung over the Roll call square and the main hall.

The Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial Site was established in 1965 from the initiative of the surviving prisoners who had joined together in 1955 to form the council of International de Dachau (CID) and lobbied for the establishment of a memorial site on the grounds of the concentration camp. The inauguration of the International Memorial on the Roll-call Square marked the end of the transformation of the former concentration camp into a memorial site.

Dachau Concentration Camp in World War 2 -

"75th anniversary of the first transport of prisoners from Dachau to the Hartheim Castle Killing Centre"

January 15 marks the 75th anniversary of the first transport of Dachau prisoners to the Hartheim Castle euthanasia killing center. The first 98 of a total of 2,595 victims were taken to the gas chambers of this former mental asylum on January 15, 1942. It was the start of the biggest murder operation at Dachau Concentration Camp.

The initiative for the operation with the code name of “Sonderbehandlung (“special treatment”) 14 f 13” came from Heinrich Himmler. The first major segregation of old, sick, and weak prisoners by the medical commission took place on September 3, 1941. Jewish prisoners were often set apart as a group. Subsequently 100 to 120 persons were chosen once or twice a week, who then had to wait in the prisoners’ bath before being taken in two trucks to Hartheim Castle, where they were murdered with poison gas on the same day. Their relatives received a fabricated notification of death from the Special Registry Office of Dachau Concentration Camp, frequently stating heart failure or circulatory collapse as the cause of death. When the clothing of those who had been carted off was brought back to the camp shortly afterward, the other prisoners began to be suspicious. In addition, letters to the relatives confirmed the death notifications.

Starting in May 1942 the “invalids” among those ill in the “sickbay”, the “invalids’ blocks”, and the priests’ blocks were sorted out. These “selections” were now conducted by SS camp physicians. As economic interest in exploiting the prisoners’ labor increased, the “Sonderbehandlung 14 f 13” was curtailed in the course of 1942 and finally stopped in 1943. But a total of at least 20,000 people had already fallen victim to the operation.

On March 22, 1933, a few weeks after Adolf Hitler had been appointed Reich Chancellor, a concentration camp for political prisoners was set up in Dachau. This camp served as a model for all later concentration camps and as a "school of violence" for the SS men under whose command it stood. In the twelve years of its existence over 200.000 persons from all over Europe were imprisoned here and in the numerous subsidary camps. 41.500 were murdered. On April 29 1945, American troops liberated the survivors.

Picture of the historical entrance today.

The Memorial Site on the grounds of the former concentration camp was established in 1965 on the initiative of and in accordance with the plans of the surviving prisoners who had joined together to form the Comité International de Dachau. The Bavarian state government provided financial support. Between 1996 and 2003 a new exhibition on the history of the Dachau concentration camp was created, following the leitmotif of the "Path of the Prisoners".

Source: http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de/index-e.html

Timeline: 1933 - 1945

1933

Adolf Hitler becomes Reich Chancellor: the founding of the National Socialist dictatorshipOpening of a concentration camp for political prisoners near Dachau (March 22,1933)

1934

"Röhm Putsch" – the rise of the SSMurder of 21 NSDAP functionaries and political opponents who had been arrested during the "Röhm Putsch"

1935

Nuremberg Laws institutionalizing racial discriminationNew prisoner groups are sent to the camp e.g. Jehova’s Witnesses, homosexuals, emigrants

1936

Heinrich Himmler becomes Chief of the German Police: the beginning of constructing a system of concentration campsTerror in the camp is intensified

1937

During mass arrests thousands are taken into “preventive custody” and sent to concentration campsStart of the erection of a new camp with a capacity for 6,000 prisoners

1938

Annexation of Austria and the Sudetenland November Pogrom ("Reichskristallnacht")Political opponents from the annexed territories are deported to the camp as well as over 11,000 German and Austrian Jews in November

1939

Attack on Poland: start of the Second World WarDeportation of hundreds of Sinti and Roma to the Dachau Concentration Camp

1940

After the capitulation of France, French, Dutch, Belgian territory has been occupied und Luxemburg annexed Over 13,000 prisoners are sent from Poland

1941

Attack on the Soviet UnionStart of the mass shooting of more than 4,000 Soviet prisoners of war

1942

"Wannsee Conference" on the "Final Solution of the Jewish Question""Invalid Transports" – more than 2,500 prisoners murdered with poison gas at Hartheim Castle near Linz Start of medical experiments on prisoners

1943

"Total War": forced labour is radicalized in order to secure the "Final Victory"Start of the installation of more than 150 subsidiary camps in which the prisoners were subjected to perform forced labour for the armaments industry

1944

The Western Allies land in Normandy, Russian troops reach the eastern border of Germany10,000 Jewish prisoners are killed "through work" in subsidiary camps At the end of 1944, over 63,000 prisoners are in the Dachau concentration camp and its subsidiary camps: The catastrophic living conditions lead to the outbreak of a typhus epidemic

1945

Unconditional surrender (May 8, 1945), occupation and division of GermanyThousands die of typhus, in the course of evacuation marches or as a result of malnutrition Founding of an International Prisoner Committee (CID) Liberation of the camp by US Army troops (April 29, 1945)

Source: http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de/History_1933-1945.html

Norman Herfurth

Images

Indigo Photography -

This Blog is of the Opinion of my own Personal Experiences and are not necessarily Fact

and is written to the best of my knowledge, but that there may be omissions, errors or mistakes. This blog is for entertainment and/or informational purposes only and shouldn’t be seen as any kind of advice.

#european #germany #oldcity #war #WW2 #WorldWar2 #Munich #Camp #Concentrationcamp #memorial #history #worldevents #worldhistory #Nazi #ThirdReich #Germany

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